The History Of Screen Printing

15 May 2014


Ever wanted to know how screen printing all began?....you've come to the right blog!

Screen printing is a method of printing onto fabrics where you force ink (or metal) onto a surface through a prepared screen of fine material.  This creates a picture or pattern on your chosen garment.  Screen printing has been around for centuries with its earliest application being found in mediaeval Japan.  It was first used in Europe in the 18th Century, in particular in France.  They liked to use screen printing as a method of stencilling patterns onto fabrics and often objects such as shoes.

During the 19th Century screen printing still remained a simple process and it wasn’t until the 20th Century that the process became mechanised.  The process was then used for printing flat posters and fabrics and was even used to print coloured wallpaper.  Screen-printing proved a cheaper method of creating wall paper than the current method that was in place, printing using wooden blocks.

By the 1930s the potential of screen printing came to the attention of artists but up until the 1950s the process was still fairly laborious as the printing was still carried out by hand.   The large scale of the printing and solid bright colours used made the method perfect for Pop Art and by the 1960s several artists such as Andy Warhol, Joe Tilson and Eduado Paolozzi.

More recently the potential of screen printing has been expanded by utilising fabrics and inks combined with computer technology.  Meaning you can screen print onto paper, card, wood, glass, plastic and leather.  The introduction of computer technology means that you can print almost any design too!

The following pieces of artists have used screen printing please follow the links under the pictures to read more about the artists and their work, all images were taken from those websites.

 

marliyn diptych

 

 

 

Marliyn Diptych                                                       1962

https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/warhol-marilyn-diptych-t03093

 

 

Joe Tilson

 

 

 

Stones of Venice, Pomegranate

Joe Tilson

For the  full article on Joe Tilson and his work please read the following;

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/artsales/5189753/Joe-Tilson-the-forgotten-king-of-British-Pop-art.html

 

 

Eduardo Paolozzi

 

 

 

B.A.S.H                                          1971

Eduardo Paolozzi

If you would like to read more about Eduardo Paolozzi’s work please follow the link;

http://www.sci-fi-o-rama.com/2011/06/12/eduardo-paolozzi-screenprints/

 

 

Here at Pulse we love screen printing and if you would like to customise using screen printing please get in contact and we are always happy to help!